A-Z WALLCOVERINGS

Wallpaper, Wallcoverings, Border & Murals Glossary

Everything You Need To Know About Wallpaper & Wallcoverings

A | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | j | k | l | m | n | o | p | q | r | s | t | u | v | w | x | y | z

A

Abstract
A term used to describe a wallpaper pattern that is non­representational and uses shapes, forms, colors, and textures as design elements.
Accordion Folding
A technique used to carefully fold a section of wallpaper, or section of wallpaper border, into an accordion shape making each section easy to handle during booking and moving from the workstation, to the wallpaper trough, to the wall.
Accent Wall
A wall in a room with added emphasis from a brighter color or bolder pattern. Used to highlight an area, define a space, or add a new design element to a room.
Acoustical wall carpet
A liner or decorative layer of carpet used on walls as a method soundproofing.
Acrylic Coated
A type of wallpaper in which a design is printed on paper that is coated with an acrylic or vinyl layer that adds durability, washability, or scrubbability. Acrylic coated wallpaper is easy to maintain and withstands exposure to humidity making it ideal for kitchen and bath applications. Also called vinyl coated.
Adhesive
The substance used to adhere a wallcovering to a wall. Adhesives may be starch, cellulose, vinyl, or vinyl clay based. The adhesive used is determined by the type of wallpaper and the type of wall surface.
Aeration of Adhesive
Adhesive that is filled with tiny air bubbles caused by overheavy blending during the mixing process. This situation will make small blisters form underneath wallpaper and is to be avoided.
All-Over Design
Large patterns that occupy the entire field without a prominent feature. The design may be abstract, geometric, floral, or scenic.
American Roll
Wallpaper comes in American or European rolls. There is a choice of single or double rolls. American rolls of wallpaper are 27 inches wide. An American single roll is 27 inches wide by 13.5 feet long. An American double roll is 27 inches wide and 27 feet long.
Appliqué
A design or ornament cut from wallpaper and applied to a background as a decorative element.
Architrave
The molding surrounding a door, window, or arch. Also called casing.
Art Deco
A term used to describe a pattern or motif based on the decorative style of the 1920's distinguished by precise, angular geometric configurations.

B

Backing Paper
A special paper sometimes used under wallpaper to provide a smooth surface for the final installation. Usually applied horizontally, blank stock produces the perfect porous base to set and bond seams, control expansion and contraction, manage moisture, and reduce air bubbles. Also called lining paper or blank stock.
Batch Number
A letter or number combination that refers to a batch of wallpaper rolls printed at the same time. Wallpaper from the same dye lot number ensures that colors match. Keep these numbers in case additional wallpaper is required. Also called dye lot number or run number.
Baroque
A term used to describe a design with extravagant, ornate, and dramatic details or patterns based on 17th century styles in Europe.
Baseboard
A narrow length of board that runs along the base of interior walls for protection against scuffs and marks. Also called skirting.
Basket Weave
A style or pattern that resembles the woven appearance of baskets.
Blank Stock - Liner paper
A special paper sometimes used under wallpaper to provide a smooth surface for the final installation. Usually applied horizontally, blank stock produces the perfect porous base to set and bond seams, control expansion and contraction, manage moisture, and reduce air bubbles. Also called lining paper or backing paper.
Blister
A tiny bump under wallpaper usually caused by a small wall defect, or an air pocket behind the wallpaper. Air pockets may be caused by inadequate soaking or booking time causing wallpaper to expand after installation; installing and drying wallpaper in a room that is below 50 degrees Fahrenheit; air trapped during installation; a wall that is porous or improperly sealed; bubbles left behind by adhesive aeration.
Blown Vinyl
A wallpaper made from blown vinyl printed on a paper substrate with an expanding ink that leaves a raised surface effect and a softly textured wallpaper that is durable. Different faux effects like wood, brick, or stone can be achieved. Also called expanded vinyl.
Bolt
A double roll of wallpaper. An American double roll is 27 inches wide and 27 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long.
Booking or Book Time
The process of letting wet or pasted wallpaper rest in an accordion fold position to allow the adhesive to be activated. This technique prevents stretching, shrinking, and blisters.
Border
A strip of decorative wallpaper used along ceiling lines, baseboards, or at chair rail height, as well as around doors, windows, or archways.
Bridging Liner
A wallcovering made to smooth over irregularities on brick walls or paneling to facilitate installing wallpaper. Bridging liner can be painted or covered with lining paper to provide an ideal surface for wallpaper installation.
Butted Seam or Butted Joint
Perfectly aligned rolls of wallpaper hung next to each other without any overlap or space between the strips.

C

Casing
The molding surrounding a door, window, or arch. Also called an architrave.
Cellulose Paste
An adhesive derived from wood pulp or plant material that is non­staining and odorless. Cellulose paste is useful for installing natural wallpapers like grasscloth, silk, linen, and bamboo.
Centering
The wallpaper hanging technique of using the most dominant section of a wallpaper pattern as the focal point in a room.
Chair Rail
A narrow band of decorative molding set at 1⁄3 the height of a wall that runs along a room to protect walls from scuffs and scratching.
Chalk Line
A tool used to mark a straight guideline. A retractable spool of string in a chalk case that can be pulled out tight against the length of a wall and plucked to leave a chalk mark line.
Chevron
A repeating V­shaped geometric pattern that resembles alternating colored zig­zag lines.
Chinoiserie
A French word used to describe designs and patterns that evoke Chinese motifs in wallpaper, fabrics, and interior design.
Choke
The background area of the wallpaper behind the pattern. Also called the ground.
Clay-based Adhesive
An vinyl and clay paste that is used to install heavy wallpapers.
Cloth Backed Vinyl
A sturdy vinyl wallpaper laminated to a fabric backing material. Also called fabric backed vinyl.
Colorway
The range of color choices available in a specific pattern of wallpaper.
Coated Fabric
A wallpaper with fabric substrate that is coated with liquid vinyl or acrylic and printed with a design or pattern. It is a more breathable wallpaper used in low moisture areas, like living rooms and bedrooms.
Coordinating Pattern
A range of designs that coordinate together by pattern, color, or texture.
Cornice
A molding that runs around the ceiling of a room at the top of a wall.
Crown Molding
A decorative band of wood that runs around the ceiling line of a room.
Cross Seaming
A technique in which liner paper is hung horizontally across a wall and the decorative wallpaper is installed vertically on top. This technique prevents seams from showing, creates a smooth appearance, and assures a secure installation.
Customized
Wallpaper that is designed to your specifications. Usually handmade or digitally printed wallpaper made according to a personal design or a photograph mural.

D

Dado
The wall space between the baseboard and the chair rail. Usually equal to 1⁄3 the height of a wall.
Damask
A raised monochromatic pattern or design in stylized floral and foliage figures.
Decorative Covering - for other surfaces - furniture, tables, cabinets
The use of wallpaper to cover surfaces other than walls. Wallpaper can be used to cover shelves, furniture, tables, cabinets, and cases.
Dead Corner
The area on a wall where the last strip of wallpaper will be hung to join the first strip of wallpaper. Usually, there will be an uneven pattern match or mismatched seams at this point and an inconspicuous area, like the corner behind the entrance of a room, is the ideal placement. Also called the kill point.
Delamination
A situation in which excessive soaking or booking causes the wallpaper backing to separate from the decorative exterior coating.
Digital Print
Customized, mural, photo, pictorial, or scenic wallpapers printed with digital printers
Directional Print
A wallpaper print designed to be hung in a particular way to follow the direction of the pattern.
Documentary Wallpaper - Historic
Wallpaper manufactured to act as a historic replica, or reproductions of historic wallpaper.
Double-Cutting or Double-Cut Seam
A method of wallpaper installation for perfectly fitted seams, corners, repairs, or borders in which two sections of wallpaper are overlapped and cut through both layers. The cut overlapped sections are peeled away and the seam is pressed into place. Also called an overlapping butt joint.
Double Roll
The traditional unit of wallpaper equivalent to two single rolls. Prices may be listed by the single roll, but usually only double rolls are available for sale. An American double roll is 27 inches wide and 27 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long. Also called a bolt.
Drop
Drop-Match
A staggered wallpaper pattern designed to align at the ceiling line on every other strip, or multiple strips, creating a diagonal rather than a horizontal sequence. Also called pattern drop, half­drop match, or multiple drop match.
Dry Hanging
A wallpaper installation method in which the adhesive is applied to the wall instead of to the wallpaper backing.
Dry Strippable
A type of wallpaper that can be removed from a wall without treatment, scoring, or a liquid application.
Dye-Lot Number
A letter or number combination that refers to a batch of wallpaper rolls printed at the same time. Wallpaper from the same dye lot number ensures that colors match. Keep these numbers in case additional wallpaper is required. Also called batch number or run number.

E

Embossed
A type of wallpaper with a raised, textured effect or imprint.
European - width 21.5 inches by 33 feet long
Wallpaper comes in American or European rolls. There is a choice of single or double rolls. European rolls of wallpaper are 20.5 inches wide. A European single roll is 20.5 inches wide by 16.5 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long. Also called a metric roll.
Expanded Vinyl
A wallpaper made from blown vinyl printed on a paper substrate with an expanding ink that leaves a raised surface effect and a softly textured wallpaper that is durable. Different faux effects like wood, brick, or stone can be achieved. Also called blown vinyl.

F

Fabric Backed Vinyl
A sturdy vinyl wallpaper laminated to a fabric backing material. Also called cloth backed vinyl.
Fabric Backed Foil
A wallcovering made from a thin sheet of metal foil laminated to a fabric backing with a polyester layer in between. Fabric backed foil wallpaper is best if installed on very smooth surfaces with careful installation. Also called foil.
Faux
A wallpaper design or pattern made to imitate a surface like brick, wood, stone, or marble.
Fibreglass Weaves
A type of wallpaper constructed from fiberglass threads woven in intricate designs that can be painted and is very breathable.
Fill
The upper wall area between the chair rail and crown molding. Also called a sidewall.
Fleur de Lys
A stylized representation of a lily composed of three petals and often found in French motifs.
Flocked
A wallpaper with a raised pattern made by sifting fine fibers onto a printed or stenciled varnish base to create a velvet or damask effect.
Floral
A wallpaper pattern or design with abstract or realistic flowers as the main decorative element.
Flush
A term used to describe two adjacent sides, edges, or surfaces that are straight and level.
Foil
A wallcovering made from a thin sheet of metal foil laminated to a fabric backing with a polyester layer in between. Fabric backed foil wallpaper is best if installed on very smooth surfaces with careful installation. Also called fabric backed foil.
Fret
A geometric border design of interlocking lines. Also called a key pattern.
Free Match
A wallpaper design or pattern with no need to match seams. The easiest type of wallpaper to install with virtually no waste. Vertical stripes, all­over, grasscloths, and string are free match patterns. Also called a random match.
Frieze
A horizontal decorative pictorial border running along the top of the wall in a room, or as a panel along the top of one wall.

G

Gapped Seam
A situation in which a gap appears between sheets of wallpaper installed on a wall. Usually caused by improperly prepared walls, forcing a wallpaper strip to fit, or stretched wallpaper. Also called opened seam.
Geometric
A pattern or design employing linear elements and shapes.
Glass Textile Wallcovering
A wallcovering constructed from woven glass fibers and designed for strength and versatility. Glass textile wallcoverings are durable and decorative.
Grasscloth
A wallcovering crafted from natural fibers and create an understated texture. Grasscloth is usually constructed from 100% natural materials and is environmentally friendly.
Gravure Printing
A method of printing, also known as Intaglio, in which a hard engraved cylinder with recessed etchings is used to print the pattern or design on a surface.
Ground - see Choke
The background area of the wallpaper behind the pattern. Also called the choke.

H

Half­-Drop Match
A staggered wallpaper pattern designed to align at the ceiling line on every other strip, or multiple strips, creating a diagonal rather than a horizontal sequence. Also called pattern drop, drop match, or multiple drop match.
Hand-painting
The process of hand painting an image, pattern, design, or pictorial scene on wallpaper.
Hand-printing Woodblock
A printing method in which a block of wood is carved in a pattern for each color to be used in a print and pressed on the paper by hand. The print alignment and coloring are performed by hand and the process is labor intensive. Also called woodblock printing.
Hand-printing Stencil
A printing method of applying paint or ink by hand through a stencil to create a design on wallpaper.
Header Strip
A strip of wallpaper chosen to be installed above a door, window, or archway.
Heavy Weight
A deeply embossed wallpaper constructed from thick, high quality vinyl that results in a luxurious product.
Herringbone
A pattern that resembles the bones of a fish with short slanted parallel lines that alternate direction in each row.
High-tech - cell phone and wifi-blocking
Cell phone and wifi­blocking wallpapers which are in development and have many uses including security, discretion, and enforcing rules regarding cell phone and internet use.
Houndstooth
A notched checked pattern that resembles a canine tooth.

I

Ink Flaking
A situation in which ink flakes off the wallpaper and is caused by leaving adhesive on the surface of wallpaper or using scouring pads or abrasive detergents on the wallpaper.
Installation
The process of hanging wallpaper in a room.

J

Jute
A soft, durable natural fiber used to create the surface of textured, natural wallcoverings.

K

Key Pattern
A geometric border design of interlocking lines. Also called a fret.
Kill Point
The area on a wall where the last strip of wallpaper will be hung to join the first strip of wallpaper. Usually, there will be an uneven pattern match or mismatched seams at this point and an inconspicuous area, like the corner behind the entrance of a room, is the ideal placement. Also called a dead corner.

L

Laminated Wallpaper
A type of wallpaper with a decorative surface bonded to a paper or fabric backing.
Lap Seam
A method of hanging wallpaper in which the sheets overlap slightly at the edges. This method is usually only employed in industrial applications. Also called overlapping seam.
Level
A tool used to check that a surface is perfectly horizontal or perfectly vertical in all directions. Also, the term used for a perfectly horizontal or perfectly vertical surface.
Linear Feet
The linear distance measured between two points in feet. The height of a wall, the length of a room, and the length of a strip of wallpaper are measured in linear feet.
Lining Paper - to go under final wallpaper as a method of surface preparation
A special paper sometimes used under wallpaper to provide a smooth surface for the final installation. Usually applied horizontally, blank stock produces the perfect porous base to set and bond seams, control expansion and contraction, manage moisture, and reduce air bubbles. Also called backing paper or blank stock.
Lotus
A decorative motif that is a stylized or realistic representation of the lotus flower, a large water lily.

M

Marble
A wallpaper pattern that imitates marble created using silk screen printing, hand painting, marbling, or machine printing.
Matching - Drop Match, Straight Match, Random Match
The match indicates the point where a design or pattern matches at the seams. The back of a roll of wallpaper will list the match information. Wallpaper is printed in repeating patterns called straight match, drop match, or random match.
Matte Finish
A term used to denote a wallpaper finish that is dull or flat with no shine.
Medallion
A decorative effect on a wall that is shaped in a round, oval, square, or rectangular outline.
Metallic
A type of wallpaper that gives the appearance of a sheet metal or foil.
Metric Roll (Euro Roll)
Wallpaper comes in American or European rolls. There is a choice of single or double rolls. European rolls of wallpaper are 20.5 inches wide. A European single roll is 20.5 inches wide by 16.5 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long. Also called a European roll.
Minimum roll order
The minimum number of rolls available for a single order, usually ranging from 2 to 3 rolls.
Moiré
A type of wallpaper finish with silky sheen and optical illusion effect from the embossed surface.
Monochromatic
A design scheme or pattern all in one color in a range of light to dark values.
Motif
The recurring design or subject matter of a wallpaper pattern.
Mounting
A term for hanging or installing wallpaper or wall coverings.
Mylar
A metalized polyester that resembles a thin metallic foil and is used for a shimmering metal effect in wallpaper design.
Multiple Drop Match
A staggered wallpaper pattern designed to align at the ceiling line on every other strip, or multiple strips, creating a diagonal rather than a horizontal sequence. Also called pattern drop, drop match, or half­drop match.
Mural
A wallpaper print that features a single picture or scene without repeat. Murals come in panels that form the final picture.

N

Natural
A type of wallpaper created from natural materials such as jute, rattan, grasscloth, bamboo, linen, silk, rice paper, cork, reed, sisal, cotton, and string.
Neoclassical
A term used to describe patterns and motifs based upon the revival of the classic designs of ancient Greece and Rome.
Neutral
Colors that range from beiges, whites, grays, charcoals, and browns and coordinate well with bolder colors.
Non-breathable
A wallcovering that does not allow water or air to freely pass through its layers.
Non-porous
A wallcovering that does not allow water or air to freely pass through its layers.

O

Off the Shelf
A popular design that is readily available and not custom or handmade.
Ombre
A design effect in which one color is graduated from light to dark in blurred horizontal or vertical stripes.
Opened Seams
A situation in which a gap appears between sheets of wallpaper installed on a wall. Usually caused by improperly prepared walls, forcing a wallpaper strip to fit, or stretched wallpaper. Also called a gapped seam.
Open Time
A term for the time period between the activation of adhesives on a sheet of wallpaper and when the wallpaper must be applied to the wall.
Out of Register
A defect in which the ink colors in a pattern on a roll of wallpaper have been printed out of line making a shadow effect. This defect occurs during the printing process and out of register wallpapers rolls should not be installed and can usually be returned and replaced.
Outside Corner
An external angle formed when two walls meet and the joint wall extends into the room.
Overlapping Butt Joint
A method of wallpaper installation for perfectly fitted seams, corners, repairs, or borders in which two sections of wallpaper are overlapped and cut through both layers. The cut overlapped sections are peeled away and the seam is pressed into place. Also called double cutting or a double cut seam.
Overlapping Seam
A method of hanging wallpaper in which the sheets overlap slightly at the edges. This method is usually only employed in industrial applications. Also called a lap seam.

P

Paisley
A distinctive pattern consisting of curved, organic figures on a decorative background.
Palmette
A decorative ornamental motif of leaflets or petals designed to evoke small palm trees.
Panel Decoration
A style of wallpaper created to be mounted as spot decoration within the frames of wood paneled walls
Panorama
A type of mural that depicts an unbroken scenic view of a landscape or seascape
Paper Wallpaper
A rare type of wallpaper that is still printed on paper. Paper wallpaper is environmentally friendly and uses non-­toxic inks, but is very delicate.
Paper Backed Vinyl
A type of wallpaper created from a solid layer of vinyl laminated to paper backing material. Paper backed vinyl is durable, washable, scrubbable, and peelable. Also called solid sheet vinyl.
Paste the Wall
A method of wallpaper installation in which the adhesive is applied directly to the wall and the wallpaper is applied to the wet wall. The paste-the-wall method requires unpasted wallpaper.
Patina
A wallpaper finish that recreates the appearance of age for historical or design purposes.
Pattern
A repeated decorative design on wallpaper.
Pattern Drop
A staggered wallpaper pattern designed to align at the ceiling line on every other strip, or multiple strips, creating a diagonal rather than a horizontal sequence. Also called drop match, half­drop match, or multiple drop match.
Pattern Match
The alignment of wallpaper sheets for the design to make a continuous horizontal, vertical, or diagonal pattern around the room. Pattern matches can be a random pattern match, a straight across match, or a drop match.
Pattern Repeat
The straight vertical distance measured between two identical points in a wallpaper pattern. Also called repeat or vertical pattern repeat.
Peel and Stick
Wall medallions, murals, or decorative decals that can be repositioned and moved hundreds of times.
Peelable or Removable
A type of wallpaper that can be peeled off the wall leaving the backing behind for easier removal. Also called removable.
Photo Wall Mural
A wallpaper printed from a photograph and enlarged to the size of a wall. Divided into panels for installation purposes, murals usually portray natural settings, landscapes, waterfalls, forests, city skylines, or space, but can be custom printed from any photo you choose.
Plaid
A pattern of checkered crossed stripes that originated from Scottish clan tartans.
Pigmented Primer/Sealer
A primer or sealer that dries in white as opposed to clear. Pigmented primer helps to block discolorations on a wall. It is also useful when hanging wallpaper over new drywall or installing new wallpaper on top of existing wallpaper to block any other colors or patterns from showing through.
Pliability
A term used to describe the quality of flexibility in a roll or type of wallpaper.
Plumb
A term used to describe the true vertical line on a wall or to test a wall to determine the true vertical.
Plumb Bob
A weighted string used to determine and mark a true vertical on a wall.
Plumb Line
A line drawn using a plumb bob and a level to line up the first strip of wallpaper and assure that wallpaper is hung on the true vertical line.
Pre-pasted
A type of wallpaper with adhesive applied to the backing by the manufacturer that is activated by dipping the wallpaper into water or activator.
Pre-trimmed
A type of wallpaper in which the selvage edges have been removed by the manufacturer. Also called trimmed.
Primer/Sealer/Stain Killer
A liquid substance applied to walls in preparation for wallpaper installation. Primer is used to create a uniform surface, cover discolorations, improve the adhesion of the wallpaper to the wall, and increase the slip to ease installation. Primers are available in several types to suit specific wall and wallpaper requirements. Also called sealer or stain killer.

Q

R

Railroading
A method of installing wallpaper in which the strips are hung horizontally instead of vertically. This method is also used to hang liner paper and borders. The horizontal application technique can be used for a decorative effect.
Random Match
A wallpaper design or pattern with no need to match seams. The easiest type of wallpaper to install with virtually no waste. Vertical stripes, all­over, grasscloths, and string are free match patterns. Also called a free match.
Relief
A raised wallpaper design effect created by molding, carving, or stamping portions of the surface material in a pattern, texture, or picture.
Removable
A type of wallpaper that can be peeled off the wall leaving the backing behind for easier removal. Also called peelable.
Repeat
The straight vertical distance measured between two identical points in a wallpaper pattern. Also called pattern repeat or vertical pattern repeat.
Reverse Hanging
A wallpaper installation technique for random match prints in which every other strip is hung upside down to negate any color variations and shading. Also called reversing strips.
Reverse Rolling
A technique used to remove the curl from a roll of wallpaper in which the roll is unrolled and then rerolled in the opposite direction.
Reversing Strips
A wallpaper installation technique for random match prints in which every other strip is hung upside down to negate any color variations and shading. Also called reverse hanging.
Rigid Vinyl Acrylic
A type of wallcovering ideal for use in high-­impact areas like hospital, school, and hotel hallways, corridors, and high-­traffic areas.
Rococo
A term used to describe a pattern or motif that is based on the romantic and graceful decorative style of the Rococo period in 18th century Europe.
Roll
A single roll of wallpaper is equivalent to a half bolt or half a double roll. Wallpaper is usually sold in double rolls. American rolls of wallpaper are 27 inches wide. An American single roll is 27 inches wide by 13.5 feet long. An American double roll is 27 inches wide and 27 feet long. European rolls of wallpaper are 20.5 inches wide. A European single roll is 20.5 inches wide by 16.5 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long.
Running
A term used to describe a lengthwise measurement.
Run Number
A letter or number combination that refers to a batch of wallpaper rolls printed at the same time. Wallpaper from the same dye lot number ensures that colors match. Keep these numbers in case additional wallpaper is required. Also called dye lot number or batch number.

S

Scoring
The process of scratching and scraping old wallpaper with a scoring tool to increase the penetration of wallpaper removal solution to dissolve the wallpaper backing and adhesive.
Screen-printing
A printing process in which multiple framed silk, polyester, or nylon stencils are used to print a design on a surface. Also called silk screening.
Scrubbable Wallpaper
A printing process in which multiple framed silk, polyester, or nylon stencils are used to print a design on a surface. Also called silk screening. A type of wallcovering that can be strongly washed with a sponge with a higher level of durability than washable wallpaper. Scrubbable wallpapers cannot be cleaned with abrasives or abrasive detergents.
Sealer
A liquid substance applied to walls in preparation for wallpaper installation. Primer is used to create a uniform surface, cover discolorations, improve the adhesion of the wallpaper to the wall, and increase the slip to ease installation. Primers are available in several types to suit specific wall and wallpaper requirements. Also called primer or stain killer.
Seam
The linear area where two sheets of wallpaper meet.
Seam Roller
A wallpapering tool used to press seams down together. The tool is a narrow roller that can be rolled along a seam.
Seismic Wallpaper
A type of wallpaper In development that will be used to reinforce masonry walls in earthquake­prone areas.
Selvage
The blank outer edge of a wallcovering that is used for print markings and protects the edges of a bolt during shipment.
Semi-automated wallcoverings
A type of wallpaper in which the selvage is perforated and can be removed easily.
Semi-Transparent Wallpaper
A type of wallpaper with a light background color that will cause dark areas on a wall surface to show through. A pigmented primer should be used during the surface preparation process prior to installation.
Sheet
The length of wallpaper cut to fit a certain area. A full drop runs the length of a wall from the ceiling to the baseboard with trimming allowances. Also called a drop or a strip.
Shiki
A design term that comes from the word for “four seasons" in Japanese and is used to a type of wallcovering crafted from hand­made silk glued to a backing.
Sidewall
The upper wall area between the chair rail and crown molding. Also called the fill.
Silk
The fine, durable, soft, and luxurious fiber produced by silkworm cocoons and made into thread and fabric.
Silk Screening
A printing process in which multiple framed silk, polyester, or nylon stencils are used to print a design on a surface. Also called screen printing.
Single Roll
A single roll of wallpaper is equivalent to a half bolt or half a double roll. Wallpaper is usually sold in double rolls. American rolls of wallpaper are 27 inches wide. An American single roll is 27 inches wide by 13.5 feet long. An American double roll is 27 inches wide and 27 feet long. European rolls of wallpaper are 20.5 inches wide. A European single roll is 20.5 inches wide by 16.5 feet long. A European double roll is 20.5 inches wide by 33 feet long.
Single Cut
A method of applying a wet sheet of wallpaper to a dry and mounted sheet of wallpaper whereby the wet sheet is overlaid on the dry sheet, a smoother or putty knife is drawn across the length of the overlain seam to create a crease, and then a blade is used to cut a butted seam along the the crease.
Sizing
A liquid substance that is similar to primer, but is applied to walls increase porosity in preparation for wallpaper application.
Skirting
A narrow length of board that runs along the base of interior walls for protection against scuffs and marks. Also called baseboard.
Sliding Cut
A method of cutting wallpaper in which a sharp knife is slid along the edge of a surface beneath the wallpaper.
Smoothing Brush - Smoother
A brush tool used to smooth over wrinkles and air in wallpaper during installation.
Solid Vinyl
A type of wallcovering printed or embossed on 100% vinyl and laminated to a paper backing. Solid sheet vinyl is durable, washable, scrubbable, and easy to maintain. Also called solid sheet vinyl.
Solid Sheet Vinyl
A type of wallcovering printed or embossed on 100% vinyl and laminated to a paper backing. Solid sheet vinyl is durable, washable, scrubbable, and easy to maintain. Also called solid vinyl.
Square
A term used to describe a square plane figure or adjoining walls with equal sides and right angles.
Stenciling
A printing method of applying paint or ink through a stencil to create a design on wallpaper.
Stain Killer
A liquid substance applied to walls in preparation for wallpaper installation. Primer is used to create a uniform surface, cover discolorations, improve the adhesion of the wallpaper to the wall, and increase the slip to ease installation. Primers are available in several types to suit specific wall and wallpaper requirements. Also called primer or sealer.
Straight Edge
A six foot or seven foot ruler or bar used by a paperhangers to trim selvage, measure, and test for straight lines.
Straight Match
A wallpaper hanging method in which every strip of wallpaper is designed to be installed with the pattern beginning at the ceiling line in each strip to create a horizontal pattern sequence. Also called a straight­across match.
Straight-Across Match
A wallpaper hanging method in which every strip of wallpaper is designed to be installed with the pattern beginning at the ceiling line in each strip to create a horizontal pattern sequence. Also called a straight match.
Stretched Wallpaper
Horizontal stretching is a situation which occurs when a strip of wallpaper is stretched by the installer to meet the seam on an adjacent strip of wallpaper and will result in gapped seams. Vertical stretching occurs when long strip of wallpaper are hung up but not installed on the wall for too long and will result in pattern mismatch.
String or Stringcloth
A wallpaper design effect in which fine vertical threads and string are laminated to a paper backing. Threads and strings may spun from natural fibers, silk, linen, or synthetic fibers.
Strip
The length of wallpaper cut to fit a certain area. A full drop runs the length of a wall from the ceiling to the baseboard with trimming allowances. Also called a drop or a sheet.
Strippable Wallpaper
A type of wallpaper that can be dry stripped from a wall without using a liquid or wetting agent.
Substrate
The backing material used in a wallcovering that is laminated to the the decorative layer.
Surface Print
TA printing method in which the surface of the rolling machines lays down heavy amounts of ink. The ink bleeds on the paper and results in a blurred edge. The surface printing method is suited to large floral patterns and romantic impressionist motifs.
Surface Preparation
The process prior to wallpaper installation involves many steps. Remove dirt, existing wallpaper, and flaking paint. Fill wall cracks and irregularities with filler. The entire surface must be clean and dry. Damp walls should be treated with primer or sealer. Flaking paint should be sealed with primer. High gloss paint should be sanded.
Swag
A border design element that depicts swinging and suspended decorations, furling garlands, sweeping drapery, ribbons, or foliage.
Swatch
A sample cutting of wallpaper.

T

Textile
A type of wallcovering in which a textile surface is bonded to a backing material. Textiles designs can be made from almost any fabric, including silk, linen, woven fiber, and silk shantung.
Textured
A term used to describe the tactile surface quality or relief design of a wall covering.
Toile De Jouy
A design of line engraved country landscapes and country life motifs printed in monotone colors on cotton or linen in Jouy, France.
Trimmed
A type of wallpaper in which the selvage edges have been removed by the manufacturer. Also called pre-­trimmed.
Trompe l’oeil
A French term that means to trick the eye which is used to describe designs and patterns that appear three dimensional or simulate objects like drapery, landscapes, trees, and foliage.
Type 1, 2, 3
Term used by certain wallpaper manufacturers to indicate light, medium, or heavy-­duty use.

U

Unpasted Wallpaper
A type of wallpaper that has no pre-­applied adhesive on the backing and must have glue applied prior to installation.
Untrimmed
A type of wallpaper in which the selvage edges have not been removed by the manufacturer and must be trimmed prior to installation with a razor knife.
Usable Yield
A term used to describe the quantity of wallpaper installed on a wall without including waste from allowances or trimming to match a pattern.

V

Vertical Pattern Repeat
The straight vertical distance measured between two identical points in a wallpaper pattern. Also called repeat or pattern repeat.
Vinyl coated
A type of wallpaper in which a design is printed on paper that is coated with an acrylic or vinyl layer that adds durability, washability, or scrubbability. Vinyl coated wallpaper is easy to maintain and withstands exposure to humidity making it ideal for kitchen and bath applications. Also called acrylic coated.

W

Wainscoting
An area on a wall in a room covered in paneling or woodwork between the baseboard and the chair rail.
Wallpaper Trough
A special container designed hold the water or activator used when soaking prepasted papers during wallpaper installation.
Washable
A type of a wallpaper that may be cleaned gently with a mild soap and water. Washable wallpaper is not as durable as scrubbable wallpaper.
Wire Lap
A method of hanging wallpaper in which strips overlap slightly. Primarily used on commercial goods. Also known as a lap seam.
Woodblock Print
A printing method in which a block of wood is carved in a pattern for each color to be used in a print and pressed on the paper by hand. The print alignment and coloring are performed by hand and the process is labor intensive. Also called hand-­printing woodblock.
Woodchip Paper
A type of lining material consisting of two layers of paper bonded to a wood fiber layer in the middle. Woodchip paper can be applied to walls with serious imperfections and defects, but this technique is not the ideal mode of repair.

X

Y

Z

  • Inspired Silver
  • Jewelry Club
  • Inspired Charms
  • Inspired Cases
  • Inspired Posters
  • Inspired Shades
  • End of Retail

    End of Retail - Fashion daily deals. New deal everyday at 11 AM EST.

  • Wallet Outlet
  • Wallpaper Nation
  • We The People Holsters